Meta confirms 11,000 layoffs, amounting to 13% of its workforce

The parent of Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp reduced its piece of work force by 13 percentage and extended a hiring freeze through the starting time quarter of side by side twelvemonth.


Pete Marovich for The New York Times

Since Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook in 2004, the Silicon Valley company has steadily hired more employees. At the cease of September, it had amassed its largest-ever number of workers, totaling 87,314 people.

But on Wednesday, the company — now renamed Meta — began cutting jobs, and securely.

Meta said it was laying off more than 11,000 people, or about thirteen percent of its work strength, in what amounted to the company’s nearly significant job cuts. The layoffs were fabricated beyond departments and regions, with areas like recruiting and business organisation teams affected more than than others. The divisions that were non cut as steeply included engineers working on projects related to the metaverse, the immersive online world that Mr. Zuckerberg has bet big on, two people with noesis of the thing said.

“I want to take accountability for these decisions and for how we got here,” Mr. Zuckerberg, 38, wrote in a letter to employees. “I know this is tough for everyone, and I’m especially pitiful to those impacted.”

The cuts — nearly triple the number that Twitter slashed final calendar week, though non as deep percentage-wise — represent a stunning reversal of fortune for a once loftier-flying visitor whose ambition and room for growth had seemed limitless. Meta spent lavishly over the years, accumulating users, buying companies such as Instagram and WhatsApp, and showering its employees with envious perks. Not even scrutiny over its data privacy practices and the toxic content on its apps could dent its financial performance, equally its stock continued climbing and its revenues soared. At one indicate last twelvemonth, Meta was valued at $1 trillion.

But the company has struggled financially this year as it has tried to motility into a new business — the immersive globe of the so-chosen metaverse — while also grappling with a global economic slowdown and a decline in digital advertising, the main source of its revenue. New competitors like TikTok emerged to capture a younger audience while Meta’s services lost their sheen. Last month, Meta posted a 50 percent slide in quarterly profits and its 2nd direct sales reject, even as its spending soared by 19 per centum. Its stock has dropped roughly 70 percent this yr.

Mr. Zuckerberg attributed the cuts on Wed to growing besides quickly during the pandemic, when a surge in online commerce led to a big spike in revenue. He said he thought the shift would be permanent, leading him to significantly increase spending. Meta’south number of employees at the end of September was 28 percent higher than a yr before.

“Unfortunately, this did not play out the style I expected,” Mr. Zuckerberg said. “I got this wrong, and I take responsibility for that.”

The reduction in Meta’due south work force was an attempt to rein in some of the exuberance that came to define an era of success in Silicon Valley. Mr. Zuckerberg said budgets would be reduced, including some employee perks, and the company would cut back on existent estate. A hiring freeze was extended until March.

On Midweek, laid-off employees immediately lost access to well-nigh corporate systems, though their email accounts will remain active until the cease of the solar day “so everyone can say good day,” Mr. Zuckerberg said.

“This will add together upwards to a meaningful cultural shift in how we operate,” he said. The company will focus on a smaller number of “high priority” areas, he said, including bogus intelligence, advert and the metaverse.

Meta began notifying Europe-based employees of the cuts during their morning, with those retaining their jobs receiving emails simply minutes after those who were laid off, iii employees said. As the Silicon Valley headquarters began waking up Wed, employees described tense hours as people stared at their inboxes pending news.

For those who lost their job in the United States, Meta said information technology would pay severance of 16 weeks of an employee’s base pay, along with two additional weeks for every twelvemonth a person worked at the visitor. Each laid off worker and their family volition have health intendance paid for half dozen months.

Meta joins other tech companies, such every bit Snap, which accept laid off employees as economic weather have grown more challenging. While many of these companies boomed during the coronavirus pandemic, some of the largest ones have reported fiscal results in recent weeks that showed they are feeling the fallout of global economic jitters. Last week, Elon Musk, the new possessor of Twitter, laid off roughly half of the company’southward 7,500 employees, saying that the social media service was losing $4 million a twenty-four hours.

“These cycles of boom and bust are incredibly destructive inside organizations considering people employed in that location feel like they don’t know where they stand,” said Sandra J. Sucher, a management professor at Harvard. By rapidly hiring across all departments during the pandemic, Mr. Zuckerberg had fix up his visitor to need reductions in staff, she said.

Mr. Zuckerberg has been telegraphing that Meta would have to clench down on costs, starting with cut back on many of the lavish perks that employees one time enjoyed. In March, he announced the company was trimming or eliminating gratis services like laundry and dry cleaning. He also scaled back gratuitous dinner offerings, making information technology harder for employees to take home dinner for themselves and their families.

In July, Mr. Zuckerberg warned employees that the company was experiencing “one of the worst downturns that we’ve seen in recent history” and, in September announced a hiring freeze.

Last month, he warned that “teams will stay apartment or compress over the next yr.” He added that the visitor would “end 2023 as either roughly the same size or fifty-fifty a slightly smaller organisation than we are today.”

On Tuesday, Mr. Zuckerberg met with executives to talk over the layoffs, two people who took office in the coming together said. Meta had also canceled travel plans for employees to ensure they were available to come across with managers, should their squad be afflicted by layoffs, three other people said. The Wall Street Journal earlier reported Mr. Zuckerberg’s meeting with executives on Tuesday.

Inside Meta, friction has been building over Mr. Zuckerberg’due south fiscal commitments to the metaverse, two executives said.

The company has been spending billions of dollars on metaverse-related products such every bit virtual-reality headsets, though such products are niche and in that location is no guarantee that people volition flock to them. In that location was growing concern that Meta had spent too much on trying to realize Mr. Zuckerberg’s ambitions, the people said, at the cost of the core concern of social networking.

In its earnings study last month, Meta disclosed that Reality Labs, the role of the visitor working on the metaverse, had $3.67 billion in operating losses. Reality Labs also experienced its lowest revenue since the final quarter of 2020. The visitor expects the operating losses for Reality Labs to increment next year.

While research teams working for Reality Labs were affected by Wednesday’s layoffs, 2 employees said that engineers working on metaverse-related projects were largely spared.

Mr. Zuckerberg controls Meta through a special stock structure that effectively allows him lone to ready the visitor’southward direction. It besides helps insulate him from the risk of outside investors forcing him out of power, unlike executives such every bit John Foley from the fitness company Peloton, who had to footstep down after miscalculating the economic effects of the pandemic.


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