13 different European countries have announced more than 40 carbon capture projects
. Most are nonetheless to get operational, but the commitment from the private sector – ranging from new players to established free energy and industry majors – is articulate. Now is the fourth dimension for governments to create for CCUS the kind of policies that accelerated the growth of wind and solar, says
Lee Beck at the Clean Air Chore Force
. Norway and the netherlands are taking those first steps. But EU-wide commitment is needed, not least to
requite clear signals that carbon capture and storage has a commercial time to come
. The Clean Air Task Forcefulness has created a
database of projects and their status
which will be continuously updated, forth with a useful map. Brook looks at the major bug and emerging trends including
industrial clusters, new partnerships and business models
. She ends with
that volition provide funding and create the markets that will plow CCUS pilots into the Europe-wide system that can capture, transport and shop the gigatons of carbon needed. Carbon pricing and carbon border adjustments won‘t practice it on their own, says Brook.
The Clean Air Task Force’southward (CATF) Europe Carbon Capture Projection and Activity Map shows
more than than 40 carbon capture projects have been announced beyond thirteen different European countries. These announcements signal unprecedented industry interest in developing and deploying carbon capture and storage facilities for a climate-neutral Europe. This should be a wake-up call for policymakers as
the projects’ realisation will hinge on policy support. Progress toward climate neutrality includes commercialising carbon capture and storage technologies, and political volition, policy design, and public investment are urgently necessary.
viii.6 GT of CO2 capture by 2050
According to the International Energy Agency, it will likely be “incommunicable” to decarbonise without carbon capture and storage. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Modify (IPCC) has highlighted similar conclusions. The IEA’s latest internet-zilch compliant scenario shows
8.6 GT of CO2 capture in 2050, well-nigh one.5 times as much every bit the Paris Agreement compliant Sustainable Development Scenario that achieves cyberspace-zero in 2070, indicating that the importance of carbon capture and storage increases with college climate appetite.
Building a decarbonisation manufacture: key trends
spreadsheet show new carbon capture and storage industry trends that constitute significant progress towards the evolution of the industry. This includes projects planned in a variety of industrial carbon capture applications.
Several projects also focus on divide parts of the carbon capture, transport, and storage value chain and new concern models. Moreover, there is carbon capture and storage activity in 13 unlike European countries. Policymakers must now build on this industry interest and help make these projects a reality through implementing supportive policy.
Interest in carbon capture and storage now spans multiple countries,
including Italy, Hellenic republic, Belgium, Republic of iceland, Sweden, Deutschland, Poland, and Kingdom of denmark, following first movers Norway, kingdom of the netherlands, and the Uk.
Cement, steel, hydrogen, waste-to-energy
The applications focus on industrial decarbonisation, including cement product, where
carbon capture and storage technologies are one of the few toll-effective decarbonisation options
for process emissions, steel, and waste-to-energy production. In addition, at least eight projects aim to capture and store CO2 from existing and planned hydrogen product facilities, inspired by Europe’s strong push to commercialise hydrogen as a clean energy vector for a carbon-constrained world.
Near of Europe’s carbon capture facilities are connected to manufacturing and emissions clusters seeking to get state-of-the-art decarbonisation and CO2 storage hubs such as the
Teesside and Humber
clusters in the U.k., and the
project in Kingdom of denmark.
These as well part every bit
essential ballast projects for technology diffusion. For case, at least 3 projects and one industrial cluster project cite the Northern Lights Project as a potential storage location. Similarly, at least four announcements are connected to the Port of Rotterdam Porthos Project.
Both Northern Lights and Porthos take been granted policy and funding support. The
Norwegian government provided €ane.7 billion
in funding for the Northern Lights Projection to embrace both the upfront toll for the CO2 Network and the retrofitting of the Norcem Cement Facility, along with ten years of operating expenses. The
Dutch government agreed to provide a 15-twelvemonth contract for deviation
with the SDE++ to the Porthos Project, bridging the gap between the EU ETS and actual project cost, worth some €2 billion. Technology-specific policy is as well being discussed in further countries such equally Denmark, Sweden, the UK, and Germany.
Storage and infrastructure
The map shows further CO2 storage and infrastructure projects that have been proposed, including the
projection off the declension of Denmark, the
Ravenna CO2 Storage Hub
in Italy, and the
Due north Sea Port CO2 Transports
projection connecting the Ports of Rotterdam, Antwerp, and the North Sea Port. The current Projects of Common Involvement (PCI) candidate listing includes CO2 pipeline ship and storage projects in 7 countries and multiple projects include CO2 shipping.
Investment in CO2 transport and storage is crucial to alleviating infrastructure roadblocks to CO2 capture deployment and solve a chicken-and-egg trouble: we need the infrastructure for emitters to capture their CO2, and
we need emitters capturing their CO2 to have an investment rationale for CO2 ship and storage infrastructure, as my colleague Olivia Azadegan explains.
Our map likewise incorporates data from CO2Stop to show
Europe’s CO2 storage capacities in saline aquifers and depleted oil and gas reservoirs. Europe has sufficient storage capacity to store at least 100 years of electric current emissions.
New partnerships, business organisation models
At the same fourth dimension, Europe is also witnessing the development of new manufacture partnerships and business models. The kickoff-movers Porthos and Northern Lights have been able to attract pregnant attention from industrial facilities. Northern Lights and the Polaris project are both planning to offer
CO2 storage as a service. With CO2 transport and storage solutions evolving, many more facilities are motivated to capture their CO2.
The decoupling of the different parts of the value concatenation enables each entity to concentrate on its expertise, reducing cross-chain risk. It as well implies
supplying CO2 storage in response to anticipated demand.Heidelberg Cement
recently appear the intention to build the first carbon-neutral cement plant, a significant development on the CO2 capture side at facilities.
The three challenges stopping these projects from becoming reality
While these are highly positive developments in the private sector, more needs to be done to realise these planned projects and deliver European CO2 send and storage infrastructure. Carbon capture and storage projects are
big infrastructure projects involving not widely deployed technologies, nascent policy frameworks, large upper-case letter investments, and perceived risk. Companies pressed for CCS deployment, many of them in trade-exposed industries, may struggle with these majuscule investments, risks, and the higher operating costs. Policymakers should too consider that
carbon pricing and carbon edge adjustments are not a substitute for innovation policy.
In that location are plenty of blueprints on how we accept commercialised make clean energy technologies. For example, take
Denmark’southward leadership on offshore current of air
Frg’s feed-in-tariff reducing the cost of solar. These blueprints included deployment incentives that reduced cost, enabled learning-by-doing, and supportive infrastructure. At that place are 3 steps policymakers can take.
a carbon capture and storage strategy is needed on the European level
that signals political will and commitment. The strategy needs
to enable the almost-term, efficient deployment, learning-past-doing, and cost reductions. Its mechanisms need to back up the deployment of CO2 capture at industrial facilities while fostering European CO2 transport and storage development. A European strategy as well needs to coordinate with member-land policy.
across Europe, a coordinated build-out of CO2 transport and storage is crucial, every bit CO2 storage is inequitably distributed. Nosotros volition besides demand to solve the chicken-and-egg problem outlined above. A about-term step would be to
include all CO₂ transport options and the geologic storage of CO₂ in the Trans-European Energy Networks Regulation, which is critical for transboundary CO₂ networks and establishing cross-border CO₂ infrastructure in Europe, equally outlined in CATF’s and our partner NGO Bellona’s #TenETuesday cursory. Ten-E inclusion would make CO2 ship and storage projects
Connecting Europe Facilities
funding, which has provided support for front-finish-engineering design studies and feasibility evaluations in the past, lowering the barrier to entry for these companies. Information technology would besides bespeak of import political recognition, thereby reducing perceived risk. Further policy options constitute
regime-backed loans and grants for developing and supersizing CO2 transport and storage infrastructure.
- Third, at the same fourth dimension as we are investing in CO2 transport and storage infrastructure,
incentives are needed for more emitters to capture their CO2, thereby creating demand for CO2 transport and storage infrastructure. For get-go-of-a-kind project applications, grants will be required to
cover at least some of the capital letter investment of the demonstration projects. The European union Innovation Fund’s outset round of large-calibration project results is expected soon, with a few carbon capture projects predictable to win support. The Fund will provide 60% of capital investments. However,oversubscribed 20 times
, the Fund is too small for the claiming at manus. For beyond first-of-a-kind, mechanisms that
bridge the gap between actual operating costs of carbon capture, removal, and storage and the current toll of the European Emission Trading System
offer flexibility and incentives to invest in CO2 capture in the near term. An instance of this kind of policy would be
carbon contracts for difference (CCfD), which have successfully supported the commercialization of renewable energy technologies in the form of a feed-in tariff, like the Dutch SDE++.
This unprecedented industry interest and activity in carbon capture and storage should be a wake-upwards call for policymakers. Act now to support the realisation of these projects with targeted policy strategies and funding, and the technologies are likely to see a breakthrough for industrial decarbonisation and carbon removal. Failure to human activity, still, might jeopardise our ability to reach climate goals birthday.
A Collaborative Effort
The Clean Air Task Force created this map based on our open-admission spreadsheet to track and visualise the unprecedented commercial interest in carbon capture and storage technologies in Europe. We also wanted to highlight storage availability and resources, along with the variety of carbon capture applications under development. CATF envisions this map as a living document with regular updates. If yous would similar to exist included or see information that needs updating, please contact Marc Jaruzel at
is the International Director, Carbon Capture at theMake clean Air Task Forcefulness
This commodity is published with permission.