Collective Mental Time Travel Can Influence the Future

By | 09/11/2022

Abstruse

Remembering the by and imagining the hereafter are hallmarks of mental time travel. We provide bear witness that such experiences are influenced past individual differences in temporal and affective biases in cerebral mode, particularly brooding rumination (a negative past-oriented bias) and optimism (a positive future-oriented bias). Participants completed a 7-twenty-four hours, cellphone-based experience-sampling report of temporal orientation and mental imagery. Multilevel models showed that individual differences in brooding rumination predicted less bright and positive past- and future-oriented thoughts, even later on controlling for depressed mood. People high in brooding rumination were also more than likely to written report thinking about a past feel when probed at random during the day. Conversely, optimists were more than likely to report more than vivid and positive future-oriented, but not past-oriented thoughts, although they did not report thinking more than or less ofttimes about the past and hereafter. The results suggest that temporal and affective biases in cognitive mode influence how people remember virtually the past and futurity in daily life.

Notes

  1. We also assessed the role of gender. Past enquiry suggests that women ruminate more than men (Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991), and our sample was approximately two-thirds female; withal, gender did not decrease the effect of heart-searching on vividness.

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Funding

P.Due south. was supported by a Social Science and Humanities Enquiry Council of Canada (SSHRC) Banting Post-Doctoral Fellowship. D.L.S received research Grants from the National Constitute of Mental Wellness R01 MH060941.

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Correspondence to Roger E. Beaty.

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Beaty, R.E., Seli, P. & Schacter, D.L. Thinking about the by and future in daily life: an feel sampling study of individual differences in mental time travel.
Psychological Research
83, 805–816 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1075-7

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